San Marino is said to be the world's oldest surviving republic.
Situated on the slopes of Mount Titano, on the Adriatic side of central Italy between the Emilia-Romagna and Marche regions and surrounded on all sides by the Republic of Italy. 
San Marino covers a land area of just over 61 km2 (24 sq mi), and has a population of 33,562.
The country's capital city is City of San Marino, 
San Marino's official language is Italian.
It is the smallest independent state in Europe after Vatican City and Monaco and, until the independence of Nauru (1968), the smallest republic in the world, and it is an echo from an era when city-states proliferated across Europe.
Mount Titano dominates San Marino's landscape. 
Three defensive fortresses perch on Titano's slopes, looking out to the Adriatic coast.
Tourism dominates the economy of the 61 square kilometre (23.6 square miles) republic, which plays host to more than three million visitors every year.